Queenston, Niagara-on-the-Lake (and Fort Niagara on the American side), and Fort Erie are best remembered for battles in the War of 1812. General Isaac Brock, his troops and his aboriginal allies have a place in Canadian history for defeating United States forces at the Battle of Queenston Heights. Probably more important, overall, are the role of the communities in moving trade goods back and forth along Portage Road and past the Niagara River cataract, and in defending the 50-kilometre, Lake Ontario – Lake Erie trade route. Also significant is that the first representative Parliament for Upper Canada was opened by Governor Simcoe at Niagara-on-the-Lake (then Newark) in 1792, twenty years after the start of the American Revolution. The best-known artists and engravers are James Kelly, William H. Bartlett, the Akkerrmann Co., and Nicholas Hornyansky. Further enquiries about this collection can be made directly to the Gallery.
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